Recent Changes

Wednesday, July 16

  1. page Joonyon's World edited ... Class 9: The Spread of Islam (8/30/2011) Based on these three distinct maps, I can conclude t…
    Class 9: The Spread of Islam (8/30/2011)
    Based on these three distinct maps, I can conclude that the Umayyad Empire was replaced by the Abbasid Empire over time. Although the territory itself did not expand significantly, previous regions like the Byzantine Empire and the Frankish Kingdom were replaced by the Abbasid Empire (Map of 750-1258).
    Class 7: Family History Project (8/23/2011)
    The Interview:
    Joonyon: Why did you go?
    Dad: After I finished my Ph.D from the University of Illinois- Urbana, Champaign, I wanted to study more at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. That's why our whole family moved to Boston.
    Joonyon: What did you learn from the experience?
    Dad: My major is organic chemistry, and I studied the field of asymmetric synthesis in a deeper way at MIT. I was a Postdoctoral Associate there.
    Joonyon: How was adjusting to the new environment?
    Dad: It was very difficult moving to Boston for the first time with the whole family. Because Champaign, Illinois was a rural area, it was very different from Boston, a complex city. In addition, your sister was also sick, as well as your mom.
    1) What is this?
    This is a recorded oral interview between my dad and I, discussing about his working experience at MIT, and his difficult adjustments to Boston.
    2) Is this Primary or Secondary?
    This source is actually secondary, due to the fact that this source (the interview) is not from the time of the event. Although it's from the same person, the source is secondary (not from the original time).
    3) Why is it significant?
    This source is significant because the actual person from the exact event is talking about it by words. Although it might not be as accurate as an interview from 1997, this one still includes details and reliable memories from the person. This means that the source's fidelity is valid to use for true information.
    The Written Source:
    1) What is this?
    This is a letter from Massachusetts Institute of Technology to my dad, addressing his arrival to MIT as a Postdoctoral Associate in the Department of Chemistry.
    2) Is this Primary or Secondary?
    This source is primary. The letter is from the time of the actual event, therefore more accurate.
    3) Why is it significant?
    From the letter, we can gain numerous facts that completely improves its fidelity and validity. The date, July 15th, 1997, accurately describes the time this source was created. Also, the names of M. T. Kouo and Dr. Yong Sun Park prove the exact sender and receiver at the time. As a written source and a primary source, its accuracy cannot be any better.
    The Unwritten Source:
    1) What is this?
    This is a picture (unwritten source) that my family took when my dad worked at Massachusetts Institute of Technology in September, 1997. As you can see in the background, the dome is the main symbol for MIT. As for me, I am the baby wrapped around my mom's arms. I was born 1 month before this picture. The little girl next to my dad is my older sister, 7 years old at the time.
    2) Is this Primary or Secondary?
    This is definitely a primary source. The photograph was taken directly during the time of the event, therefore more accurate.
    3) Why is it significant?
    The significance of this source can be described by its reliability. The photograph shows a realistic view of my family in Boston. The fact that this source is a primary source makes it significant, and the fact that my dad actually worked at Massachusetts Institute of Technology can relatively be proven.
    Written Story (A Recount of the Event):
    After I was born at Champaign, Illinois, in August 7th, 1997, my family moved to Boston. This was because my dad was planning to work at Massachusetts Institute of Technology, to study Organic Chemistry further as a Postdoctoral Associate. His acceptance was proven with the letter above (written, primary source). At this time, I was only 1 month old, a tiny infant held by my mom. The problem was actually adjusting to the new atmosphere in Boston, a totally different place from Champaign. Within the interview (unwritten, secondary source), I realized that my sister and my mom actually was ill due to the modification. As the picture (unwritten, primary source) above displays, both my sister and I were young children when moving to Boston. As a family, we stayed in Boston for a year, and then came back to South Korea.

    In-Class 6: Pre-Renaissance Orders
    Joonyon & Sunpyo
    (view changes)
    12:02 am

Tuesday, April 1

  1. page Sunpyo's World edited Class 51 (5/24/12) Timeline(Sunpyo Hong and Eric Kwon) 1979 December - The communist governmen…

    Class 51 (5/24/12)
    Timeline(Sunpyo Hong and Eric Kwon)
    1979 December - The communist government begins in Afghanistan. Furthermore, the Soviet Red Army also began to invade.
    1989 - The Soviet troops finally take the last of their troops out of the country. However, the civil war is still going on because Mujahideen is trying to overthrow Najibulluah.
    2003 August - Nato is now charge of security in Kabul, which is the capital of Afghanistan. It was first time for Nato to make operational commitment outside of Europe.
    2009 March - This was the new approach done by new president of United States, Barack Obama. He trained extra 4,000 US personnel to support Afghan army and police, and for dangerous situation.
    2011 November - President Karzai made an agreement with the tribal elders of the country to sign a military partnership with United States. The new proposed pact states that United States could stay after 2014.
    2012 February - More than 24 people are found dead the in protests because of the burning of copies of the Koran at the US Bagram airbase. US officials though that the Taliban prisoners were trying to pass messages to others.
    May 2012- Arsala Rahmani is found dead. He was an important member of the High Peace Council and was shot.
    I had asked you on Tuesday to reduce this to FIVE key events. "NATO" is an acronym for North Atlantic Treaty Organization, so needs to be all capitals. You have included many relatively insignificant events, and left out key events. 7.5/10
    Class 50 (5/22/12)
    The Korean War and Vietnam War
    Class 49 (5/21/12)
    Oral Debate
    Sunpyo- Pro
    Joseph- Con
    Class 48 (5/21/12)
    Cold War
    [[file:Cold War(Sunpyo Hong A Block 5:21:12)2.pages]]
    Class47 (5/17/12)
    Aftermath of the War
    {Aftermath of the War(Sunpyo Hong A).pages}
    Class 46(5/15/12)
    The Holocaust
    It was sad how the twins were sent to the concentration camp. Germans took them to the twin area. They had to go through all sorts of painful experiments by the Germans. I think it would’ve been really frightening for them since they’re not sure if they are coming back or not. While the twins were in the concentration camp, numerous twins were not able to come back. They had to be scared every single night. Once they were taken, it’s uncertain if they can come back. I feel good that they were able to have children. Many women were not able to have children after the experiment. They are probably one of the lucky survivors.
    For the families who were jews, children had be always cautious during night. Germans often took children away from the family. The two brothers who came out in this vedo were also victims of this incident. One of the brother was taken by the Germans, so the other family member had to suffer torture form the Germans. They were also taken to concentration camp. Their mother died due o this incident. It was sad how the families had to suffocate this terrible torturing.
    Mordecai Eldar-
    Mordechai Eldar was also victim of the concentration camp. The soldiers were took the prisoners with them while they were heading toward the concentration camp. The only food they were given was crust of bread. They had to bear entire day with only peace of one bread. By looking at their picture, they were extremely skinny from starving. It was sad for the Jews who were on the train. They didn’t know where the train was heading to, so they most of them died in the concentration camp.
    Zanne Farbstein-
    Farbstein suffered greatly throughout the Holocaust. Looking at the experience that she went through, we can see that she experienced hard things. Even though they were women, they were forced to work. There were basically three sisters in the family, but only two of them survived from this concentration camp. It was common for a family, which only few of them survive from the torturing. I would’ve felt so sad if one of my brother or sister dies, but I survive.
    Yaakov Hollander-
    Yaakov Hollander was also young like most of the survivors during this period. Although he was young, he had to go through different types of camps. According to the video, he moved 12 camps. I believe that it must have been extremely tiring for him. He not only moved around, he also lost his family members and worked in the coal. It is so sad that he had to experience all those things when he was young.
    Sophie Engelsman-
    Just like all the people above, Sophie Engelsman was also in the concentration camp. Sophie had to bury people who the Germans murdered. She weighted 81 punds, and he barely stood up. She was almost a skeleton when she was in the camp. Looking at all those bodies when she was young, it must have been a hard experience for him. I believe that for a young girl, it was too much thing for her to take.
    Eva Brown-
    When Eva Brown was numbered, she wasn’t considered a human being anymore. She was treated like an animal and no longer treated properly. All the jews who were numbered lost their identity as a human being. Eva Brown had to do whatever the Nazis asked them todo. It was like slave with numbers on them. They lose their name, family, friends, and identity as a jew. It was sad how they were forced to put the number on their body.
    The Allied Victory Class 45(5/11/12)
    Guided Reading
    {The Allied Victory (Sunpyo Hong 9A) 2.pages}
    SKILLBUILDER: Interpreting Charts
    Drawing Conclusions
    1.Which of the nations listed in the chart suffered the greatest human costs?
    USSR suffered the greatest human costs.
    How does the U.S. spending on the war compare with the spending of Germany and Japan?
    U.S. spending on the war is much more higher compare to Germany and Japan. Although Germany and Japan were more often involved in war, U.S. spent more money than both of them.
    SKILLBUILDER: Interpreting Graphs
    What factors may have contributed to the increased number of deaths in World War II over World War I?
    There are some factors that may have contributed to the increased number of deaths in World War II over World War I. Since the time passed from World War I, the technology was much more developed than before. Countries like United States and Germany started to build atomic bomb, which could kill numerous people in short period of time. United States actually did use the atomi bomb against Japan, which killed millions of people. Also, the airplanes were more useful than before, so airplanes were widely used compare to World War I. Basically the development of technology caused this much casualties.
    1. Under what conditions did the Polish refugees flee from the Germans?
    Polish refugees had extremely poor conditions escaping from the Germans. They didn’t even have a proper shelter to sleep. Also, some of them were even separated from their family. Every refugees were desperate for money and better news. Polish refugees left most of their belongings as well, so they didn’t have basic needs to live normally.
    2. Judging from the photograph, what was the government’s attitude toward Japanese Americans?
    By looking at the photograph, the government’s attitude toward Japanese Americans were quite harsh. After getting invaded by Japan once, Americans treated all the Japanese harshly. Since some of them might have the possibility to fight against, the government decided to send all the Japanese Americans to the Internment camp. In the photograph, soldiers to guarding in front of innocent Japanese Americans. This tells us that Americans were quite harsh on Japanese Americans.
    Class 44(5/10
    The Allied Victory
    {The Allied Victory (Sunpyo Hong 9A).pages}
    Class 43(5/8/12)
    Question: Write a short paragraph on your gallery page giving your opinion on the fairness or unfairness of Japanese internment
    I believe that Japanese internment camp was definitely unfair. It was actually quite similar to concentration camps of Jews. Japanese were treated extremely unfairly and many deaths occurred. The foods they ate and the treatment they received were surprising. Many Japanese were starving and they were not able to escape. If the Americans thought that anyone is suspicious, they executed them right away. There were no fairness in this camp. Everyone was treated like an animal. Once the war ended, United States released all the prisoners. But it turned out to be that there were no spies. After getting all the tortures and unfair treatment, what Japanese received was starvation, dead families, and destroyed home.
    1. Wartime propaganda __**cartoon by Walt Disney**__. As you watch, record your answers to the following...
    What wartime images do you recognize from your study of the war?
    Wartime images that I recognize from my study of the war were Nazi signs. I was able to observe them on numerous items. Also, Mein Kampf, the book written by Adolf Hitler appeared as well.
    What are some of the messages of this cartoon?
    Some of the messages of this cartoon are how the citizens of Germany would’ve felt under Nazi’s control. By looking at Donald Duck’s facial expression, Donald Duck looked frustrated and tired. This indicates that it was hard to work under Nazi’s. However, Donald Duck doesn’t express his feelings. Which means, Nazis’ were extremely strict.
    Why do you think companies like Disney and Warner Brothers produced these cartoons during the war?
    I think companies like Disney and Warner Brothers produced these cartoons during the war, because this way it is more easier to inform the citizens about what is going on in the world. This is way better to understand instead of listening to speeches made by government. If the video is entertaining, then the citizens would be more interested in what is going on.
    2. Political Cartoon for the home front
    What is in the cartoon? Explain the symbolism you see.
    Things that were in the cartoon were weapons which the U.S are trying to use. The weapon was a missile which could be extremely deadly.
    What is the intended message of the cartoon?
    The intended message of the cartoon is that although U.S is saying that they are treating much better than Nazis’, they were basically doing the same thing. They are pretending to be nice, but the reality was different. They threatened numerous Japanese and they even bombed cities of Japan.
    3. Life on the Home front in Britain exploration... Go to __**this site**__ and click on each topic area to learn about life in Britain during the war. For each of the following topics, write down 3 significant pieces of information. You may do this on your gallery page, or as a hard copy.
    Children at war
    Over 3,500,000 children evacuated to safe places during the war in order to avoid bomb attack
    Many of them were not sure if they can actually go back to their family and live a normal life again.
    They had to ride on a train to escape the country.
    The amount of food that each person could have each week was extremely little
    Each family had to register to food store in order to buy foods, and this was the only place where they could buy food
    Foods like rice, jam, biscuits, or dried fruit were rationed by points
    Women at war
    - Numerous women volunteered to help the soldiers by working in factores or farm.
    - Some women wereAir Raid Wardens, which they patrol the streets
    - Service called WVS(Women’s Voluntary Service) was created and millions of women were part of the service.
    Messages of war
    -There were numerous kinds of propagandas which were created to persuade men to join the war
    - Different kinds of message relating to Nazi and Hitler
    - Some of them is telling children to evacuate from the country, and leave the protection job to the soldiers
    Class 42(5/2/12)
    [[file:5:8:12 Social Studies(Sunpyo Hong).pages]]
    Class 42(5/2/12)
    Japans seeks to build an empire
    I accomplished the reading and I am working on the guided reading.
    Class 41(5/2/12)
    Questions (post answers on your gallery page):
    1) What was Operation Sea Lion?
    Operation Sea Lion was a operation done by Germany in order to invade Britain.
    2) Why did the battle not look good for Britain?
    The battle did not look good for Britain, because their weapons were weaker than Germany. They left their weapons in the World War I. Also, Germany had more aircrafts than Britain did.
    3) What advantage did Britain have?
    Advantage that Britain had was a radar. Radar allowed Britain to detect all the aircrafts on the air, so they can prepare themselves.
    4) What was Germany's mistake?
    Germany’s mistake was bombing cities like London in revenge for bombing of Berlin. This however angered Britain and caused problem later on.
    5) What was the impact of the bombing of London? How did the bombing of London aid Britain's cause?
    The impact of the bombing of London was horrible. Numerous civilians had to sacrifice and buildings were all destroyed. However, this made Britain outrageous about Germany and made them to form an air force.
    6)Why was the outcome of the battle of Britain significant for the Allies?
    The outcome of the battle of Britain was significant for the Allies, because Germany lost many of its aircrafts during the battle of Britain. Aircrafts were powerful force for Germany, but now they ran out of aircrafts due to the battle. This made Germany bit weaker than before.
    Read the newspaper below about the Battle of Britain, and watch the two videos, then write a short paragraph that explains why the British were able to hold off the German invasion when they were militarily weaker. Use evidence to support your ideas. Post your work on your gallery page.
    Although Britain had weaker military force compared to Germany, they were able to defeat germany. There were many factors that allowed Britain to defeat Germany. Government of Britain convinced the citizens of Britain well. They used propaganda to make citizens join the army. They not only persuaded men, they also persuaded women. They pointed out about supporting injured soldiers in the battle field. Britain also had a powerful secret weapon which the Germans didn’t have. Britain had radar which allowed Britain to find out the location of German aircrafts. So this will allow them to prepare themselves from invasion of German aircrafts. The unification of Britain citizens, teamwork, and the secret weapon allowed them to bear Germany’s attack.
    Notes on podcast? 8/10
    When your computer underlines something in red, it means there's an error that needs to be corrected. Can you see these indicators in the paragraph above? If not, your computer settings need to be fixed.
    Class 40(5/1/12)
    Answering 2 question
    [[file:SS Sunpyo Hong(5:1:12).pages]]
    Class 39(4/27/12)
    Hitler Note
    {Social Studies Note(Sunpyo Hong A Block 4.27.12) .pages}
    Class 38(4/25/12)
    Hitler Note
    {Social Studies Note(Sunpyo Hong A).pages}
    Class 37(4/20/12)
    Oral Quiz#4
    Class 36(4/18/12)
    Oral Quiz#3
    Class 35(4/16/12)
    Station 1: Organizer
    Causes of the Depression
    -Politically unstable
    -So many political parties
    -Too many governments formed which made it difficult to develop policies
    -Weak Economy
    -Germany borrowed money from America to recover economy
    -Not being able to buy all the goods
    -Caused factories to slow production and farmers to face falling food prices and caused them problem paying the loans back.
    -American Depression affects trade issues between nations
    -Increased tariffs
    -Decrease in number of trades made between nations
    Solution to the Depression
    -Britain- new multiparty government
    -By 1937, the production was eventually up again
    -France- moderates and Socialists combined and formed a new government
    -Sweden, Norway, and Denmark- taxation to people with jobs to give the benefits to unemployed people
    -Created new jobs as well
    -United States- President Roosevelt started a program known as New Deal
    -Began large public works projects which created numerous jobs
    Postwar Uncertainty
    -New ideas for science
    -Einstein came up with his theory of relativity
    -Freud’s idea of human behavior
    -New philosophies
    -Friedrich Nietzsche’s idead of values of pride and strength
    -New style from artists and writers
    -Increase in women’s right
    -began to work more
    -New technology
    -transportation(car, airplane, automobile)
    Station 2:
    International Herold Tribune
    Title: Decline of American economy are NOW AFFECTING EUROPE
    Thesis: America is now not the exception to the Great Depression. The depression in America is now starting to affect the whole world. It is now affecting the world’s economy.
    Topic Sentence 1: Until the beginning of 1920s, United States was having a successful economy, but this growth stopped today.
    Topic Sentence 2: The declination of America’s economy now starts to affect the economy of foreign nation as well.
    Topic Sentence 3: The trade between nations decreased and the traders from European countries are losing their jobs.
    New York Times
    Title: Economy Declination: Losing Money and Jobs
    Thesis: The crash of 1929 is now affecting every people in America. Everyone is losing their money and their jobs.
    Topic Sentence 1: As the bank closed its door, people lost all of their savings in the bank.
    Topic Sentence 2: The lost of money made workers to lose their job since they were unable to pay back the loans.
    Topic Sentence 3: Numerous unemployed people lost their money and job, which leads them to starve and their home.
    Class 34 (4/12/12)
    Oral Quiz
    Class 33(4/11/12)
    Station 1: Read "Imperial China Collapses" from the Chapters in Brief and answer #4 on your gallery page.
    1. How did the Treaty of Versailles add to China’s problems?
    Before the Treaty of Versailles, China was being controlled by Russia. So people in China opposed the fact that they are being controlled by the foreign nation. They wanted to modernize the country. China joined World War I in order to get support from their allied countries to gain freedom. However, after the Treaty of Versailles, the situation did not change. China was still under control by foreign nation. The only change was that China was now under Japan’s control.
    2. Station 2:
    Japan's role in Asia in the first half of the 20th century
    Japan during the first half of the 20th century, was a powerful country. It had the strongest military forces in Asia. And its industrial economy was well developed and was able to compete against other European countries. They decided to demonstrate the powerful army they have. Japan started to invade other Asian countries such as Korea and China.
    (Include picture of Japanese being harsh to Koreans and being forced to leave their country)
    After the victory over Korea, Japan was very harsh to the Koreans. They didn’t allow Koreans to speak Korean. And they closed down all the things that had Korean letters on it. Koreans were forced to learn Japanese and learned culture of Japan. The history of Japan were taught by Koreans instead of Korean history. Koreans were restricted from doing any businesses and they had to work hard. Also, numerous Koreans were forced to leave their mother country to work in Japan.
    (Include map of Japan attacking Manchuria)
    Japan not only invaded Korea. Japan invaded China as well. They used their powerful military force to expand their land. Their main goal was to gain Manchuria in China. In 1904, Japan invaded Manchuria and fought with Russia. Japan won the war and took over Manchuria. After the victory, Japan got criticized by the League of Nation for invading other country. Japan didn’t really care about League of Nation’s opinion. Similar to White people’s justification of attacking weak countries, Japan came up with its own justification why they had to attack Asian countries.
    (Include charts that shows the population of Japan and its land size. And charts that have other countries with its population and its land size. This will show why Japan ran out of room to possess its ability.)
    Japan defends its action through justification. Japan tried to prove to European countries that they didn’t do anything wrong. Japan justifies through telling them about the small land they have. The small land was not enough for them to possess all the things they have. So they stated that there were basically three ways to interact with countries outside of Japan. The first way was to emigrate, but it was barred by other countries. The second way was to trade, but due to tariff barriers and other factors, they were not able to do that. So the last way was to expand its territory outside of country. Manchuria was the perfect place where they are free from White people.
    3. Station 3: Was Mao a better or worse national leader than Stalin? Answer on your gallery page.
    I believe that Mao was a worse national leader than Stalin. Mao Tse Tung is considered a hero in China. Every Chinese citizens worship Mao and they think that he was a great leader. However, recently, his reality has been discovered by people. His reality have not been discovered until his death. And most of the people in China doesn’t know about Mao’s reality. Due to Mao’s project, millions of people had to sacrifice and starve. Mao even educated starving families to eat less. He once stated that in order to succeed his project, he did not care if half of Chinese citizens died. Mao was a leader who didn't pay any attentions on citizens suffering. According to the video, he was famous for working in his bed. I think that this is not the right attitude which the leader should have. Leader is a representative of the country so they should behave and be a model for the citizens.
    WELL DONE. 10/10
    Class 32(4/9/12)
    Oral Quiz
    Class 31(4/4/12)
    Station 1) Overview of Russian Revolution
    Read the "Chapter in Brief" section on the Russian Revolution and then explain, on your gallery page, why Russia had a revolution in 1917.
    Numerous political and social factors led to revolution in Russian in 1917. First, after Nicholas II became the czar, he launched a program to build up Russia’s industry. However, this program was a failure which had poor working condition. The wages were extremely low, and even the children were forced to work. The workers got really mad and wanted a changed in the government. Also, in early 1905, Russian army killed hundreds of innocent, hungry workers. This even made the workers more outraged. And the defeat in the war made people to starve and forced to work.
    Station 2) Primary and Secondary Sources: Video
    Watch the following video clips on Lenin and Stalin: Now, upload a podcast on your gallery page in which you explain whether Stalin was a good guy or a bad guy, and why.
    Station 3) Tools to Persuade and Motivate- Propaganda
    Pick one of the propaganda pieces from the website above and answer the following questions:
    1. What is the message that this poster is trying to get out to the Russian people?
    The message that this poster is trying to get out to the Russian people is that under Leninism, anyone can be successful. As you can see from the picture, there are all different kinds of races. They all look confident and successful. Basically, this poster was created to unite Russian people.
    2. Do you find this piece of propaganda to be compelling? Why or why not?
    Yes, I find this piece of propaganda to be compelling. Especially the design of this poster is very persuasive. It was a great idea to put different races holding the same flag and looking confident. It convinces us that we might be successful if we follow Leninism. Also, putting picture of Lenin, gives us a basic information who Lenin is. Overall, I think this poster is creatively and visually well created, which is really compelling.
    3. Make your own propaganda poster designed to make viewers adopt your viewpoint on one of the following issues: school uniforms; freedom of speech; hagwons
    Class 30(4/3/12)
    Evaluating Decisions
    2. How did the Treaty of Versailles reflect the different personalities and agendas of the men in power at the end of World War I?
    The treat of Versailles reflect the different personalities and agendas of the men in power by looking at the requests and desires each countries' want. Each country wanted a different thing. Countries like France wanted to destroy Germany by taking almost all of their profits and getting rid of the soldiers. Basically, the big countries who was in the war from the beginning, wanted Germany to lose all its power so that it will not cause problem ever again. However, countries that were not major or joined the war late, wanted a land. Each of these countries had a different personalities which is indicated by looking at their requests. United States however didn't need anything, they wanted to make a League of Nations which would prevent future conflicts between countries.
    Class 16(2/23/12)
    Comparing Maps
    If you take a look at both pictures, there are some differences. The first picture only shows the allied countries in Europe. It doesn’t specifically shows which countries are having war. But the second picture, shows specifically about everything. Second picture emphasizes the countries through a creature, which perfectly matches the characteristic of each country. The pose each creatures are having, emphasizes the action that each countries took during the Great War. There are also similarities between them as well. Both pictures shows the allied countries and the neutral countries.
    Second Comparison
    1. Why might Serbia have staked a claim to Bosnia and Herzegovina?
    Serbia might have staked a claim to Bosnia and Herzegovina, because many population of Serbians were there. And they thought that they should own the land, since numerous Serbian population were living in Bosnia and Herzegovina. They also wanted to expand their territory and gain benefits from doing this.
    2. Why might Russia have been interested in helping further that claim?
    Russia might have been interested in helping further that claim, because they were allied with Serbia. Once you are allied, you are required to help the countries that you are allied with. Also, they wanted to gain benefits from supporting the Serbians.
    3. Why would Germany and Austria-Hungary have resisted any moves for Bosnian (used to mean Bosnia and Herzegovina) secession from Austria-Hungary?
    Germany and Austria-Hungary would have resisted any moves for Bosnian secession form Austria-Hungary, because by giving up the land, it wouldn’t benefit them at all. It would although benefit their opponent, Serbia. Serbians were trying to annex Bosnia and Herzegovina since there were lots of Serbian population living there. But by giving the land to Serbia, Germany and Austria-Hungary will become weaker. It also helps Russia, which is Serbia’s allied country. So Germany would want to stop Russia from getting benefit since they are not having a good relation.
    Class 15(2/15/12)
    Impact of Nationalism
    Positive and Negative Impacts of Nationalism
    Positive Results
    Negative Results
    -Competition between nations for technological and scientific development
    -Unity between people
    -Rise of democracy
    -No more imperialism countries
    -Unity allowed people to overcome the difference among them
    -Extreme nationalistic groups appear
    -Competition between the nations led to a war
    -Minority culture disappearing due to domination of Majority group
    -Ethnic Cleansing occurred, ,which religious group getting rid of other religious groups through violence
    Do you think nationalism has had a more positive or negative impact on the world? Support your opinion with evidence.
    I think nationalism has had more positive impact on the world. Although nationalism had both negative and positive impact, its positive impact was more effective than its negative impact. The unity of people allowed the nation to grow. Even if those little minority groups had to vanish, it is better for the nation to grow. Nationalism allowed people to unite with each other. The unity of people never occurred in history unless it’s a war. These unity made people to forget about the differences among them. As a one nation, they can grow their forces and society through strong unity. It is true that there are negative impact. Negative impact is that it causes conflict between nations. But this type of incident often happened long time ago. Conflict between religious groups and other groups often happened throughout the history. I think that nationalism really affects the nation.1
    Types of Nationalist Movements
    1. Using the table above, explain the characteristics of each type of Nationalistic movement in your own words.
    There are basically three types of nationalistic movements. There are unification, separation, and state- building. Unification is a movement in which the groups are politically divided but they share land. Separation is movement which culturally different groups trying to separate from each other. State-building is a nationalist movement in which different groups with different culture forming a new state.
    2. What do you think would have happened to the empires (e.g. Austrian Empire, Ottoman Empire) during the rise of nationalism?
    I think empires would have experienced the nationalistic movements. There would have been conflict the Empires. I believe that there was a big change in the empires. The empires would have separated into smaller states due to the nationalistic movement.
    Key Skill: Analyzing Political Cartoons
    1. What symbol does the cartoonist use for the soon-to-be nation of Italy?
    The cartoonist used the boot, which King of Sardinia is wearing, for the soon-to-be nation of Italy.
    2. How is Garibaldi portrayed?
    Garibaldi is portrayed as an old man who is a lower class. He is kneeling down infront of the king, serving him respectfully. And he doesn't seemed to be annoyed by the fact that he is serving the king.
    3. What does the title of the cartoon say about the cartoonist’s view of Italian unification?
    The title of the cartoon say about the cartoonist’s view of Italian unification as good unification. He doesn’t seem to disagree with the idea. It seems like the cartoonist knew that Italy would be eventually be unified.
    CASE STUDY: Germany
    1)Create a flow chart that shows the key events that led the unification of Germany.
    2)Looking at the map on page 263, answer the two geography skillbuilder questions.
    1. What was unusual about the territory of Prussia as it existed in 1865?
    Something unusual about the territory of Prussia was that the two big lands were divided into two areas. The Westphalia was in the western part and the rest of the Prussian territory were on the east side. But both lands were not attached to each other.
    2. After 1865, what year saw the biggest expansion of Prussian territory?
    In 1871, Prussia saw the biggest expansion of Prussian territory. They gained huge amount of land during that period.
    3) Design a national symbol for the newly formed Germany. Include symbols that best represent the spirit or values of the German people at this time. Write a short paragraph explaining your symbol and its significance.
    This is my symbol which is basically consists of eagle and two swords. The eagle represents Germany. I chose eagle, because eagle is the animal that represents the country. The two sword represents the power of Germany, which was really powerful during this period. If you take a close look, the symbol is almost symmetric, except for the face. This shows how well Germany was organized and how well they were unified during this period.
    You are being asked to make up a symbol for Germany, so you can't use an eagle "because it represents the country".
    Class 14(2/14/12)
    Terms & Names
    1. Sepoys
    Sepoys were the troops hired by the trade company who were outraged by the acts of Britain. Their anger eventually lead to mutiny and Britain to take over the whole India. They also made other people to become angry at Britain.
    2. Sepoy Mutiny
    Sepoy Mutiny were caused due to the Britain’s act, which really angered them. Although the Sepoys attempted mutiny, it was not really successful. It eventually led Britain to take over the whole India.
    3. Congress Party
    They are angry with the fact that they are not equal with the Britain. Indians were considered the second- class from Britain. They don’t really oppose the British laws, which is the western ideas, but they just want equality between them. They played important role for independence of Indians from the Britain. Later on, they won many times against the Britain.
    4. Mohandas K.Gandhi
    He played an important role opposing the Britain by stating that they should use non-violent ways. He opposed the violence using by the Britain. His ideas inspired many people from India, which eventually started to follow Gandhi’s beliefs.
    5. Muhammad Ali Jinnah
    Played an important role in the Muslim league. He tried to solve the problem and conflict between the Muslim League and the Congress Party, but he eventually failed. He decided to separate from india, creating a new nation called Pakistan.
    Main Ideas
    1.What were four factors that contributed to Britain’s conquest of India?
    Four factors that contributed to Britain’s conquest of India were powerful Britain army, conflict between Indian culture, outstanding Britain’s governing system, and the stabled Britain system that eventually allowed them to rule the India.
    2. What was the cause of the Sepoy Mutiny and what was its main result?
    The cause of the Sepoy Mutiny were that Britain violated the Sepoys’ religious beliefs. They were not supposed to do something with the meats, but the Britain disrespected their beliefs. The Sepoy’s were outraged and decided to fight against Britain.
    3. Which groups and ideas promoted the Indian Independence?
    The groups and ideas promoted the Indian Independence were the nidan Congress Party and the Muslim League. Also, Gandhi’s idea promoted the Indian independence.
    4. What were the four general principles of Gandhi’s philosophy?
    The four general principles of Gandhi’s philosophy is to live simply as possible, be tolerant of the religious beliefs of other, devote one’s life to the service of others, and battle injustice in all its forms.
    5. What role did Jinnah play in the partition of India?
    Jinnah played a lot of role in the partition of India. Jinnah created a nation called Pakistan after having a conflict with the Congress Party. Jinnah was the first on to be the governor-general. He stoop up for the muslims and created the nation called Pakistan.
    6.Which of the documents are pro-British in nature? Which ones are pro-Indian?
    The documents that were pro-British were B,C,D, and I. The rest were pro-Indian documents.
    7. How would Indians in the lowest levels of their society benefit from India’s Constitution as stated in Document H?
    Indians in the lowest levels of their society benefit from India’s constitution by being treated equally. The laws states that they could be treated as an equal citizens. Also, they would have numerous opportunity to gain better jobs. So the constitution is basically about Indians being treated equally from the British.
    8. Using only the information contained in the documents, answer the following question: How would British Colonization have a lasting impact on the people of India? Use examples from the documents to support your answer.
    People of India gained many positive effects and negative effects from British Colonization. The positive effects were that they gained advanced technology under Britain’s rule. But they also gained negative effects from being controlled by the Britain. The nations of India were splited into many pieces. For example, Pakistan and Bangladesh were established. Also, India has been too dependent to British rule. So it will take time for them to actually live normally like before.
    Critical Thinking
    9. What were the causes of the cultural conflict between the British and the Indians?
    The causes of the cultural conflict between the British and the Indians were that Britain ignored the cultural difference with the Indians. For instance, they used animals on their gun, which was restricted for the Indians. Indians were not allowed to eat meat according to their religion. Britain ignored and disrespected the religious beliefs of Indians, which outraged the Indians. Also, the harsh treatment towards the Indian made a conflict between them. Indians were even considered the second class from the British people.
    10. Identify both positive and negative effects of British Rule in India.
    There were many positive and negative effects of British Rule in India. The positive effects were that India was able to gain the developed technology used by the Britain. The advanced technology would allow them to work efficiently and do things more easily. Also, Indians were able to have a protection and a stabled society. Since the economic system from Britain was very stabled, Indians didn’t really have to worry much. But the negative effects were that Indians were treated harshly and not equally from Britain. They were considered second-class citizens. Also, Britain often abused the religious beliefs of Indians.
    11. How were Gandhi’s four general principles effective in dealing with a muh more powerful Great Britain?
    Gandhi’s four general principles were effective, because it didn’t require any sacrifice nor death from its process. Gandhi strongly disagreed with the idea of using violence against people. Instead, he told people to just ignore Britain’s order and refuse to work. That way, the government won’t be able to gain any profit. Even if they use violence, they should bear in order to make the Britain surrender.
    12. For what reasons did Muslims demand a separate nation?
    Muslims demand a separate nation, because Muslims were tired of the conflict occurring between the two groups. The competition between the two groups became serious and Muhammad Ali Jinnah even tried to separate from India. All the ideas were rejected by the congress. The tension grew between the two groups, which led Muslims to separate its culture from the nation.
    13. Why did the colony of India break into four separate nations?
    The colony of India break into four separate nations, because there was a continuous conflict between each nation. After Pakistan divided its nation from India, there were more division that occurred in Pakistan. When the leader, Muhammad Ali Jinnah died, its nation divided even more due to desire for power. Later on, country like Bangladesh was created.
    Class 13(2/9/12)
    Task 1:
    = {스크린샷_2012-02-10_오전_10.12.08.png}
    Task 2:
    1. Is this image pro or anti imperialism? How do you know?
    This image is anti imperialism. As you can see, the figure that represents China is lying on the ground with other countries’ figure surrounding it. This means that that the other countries are trying to take over what China has. The animals facial expression shows that they have the desire to control China.
    2. What views of the native peoples are being communicated in each of the illustrations?
    The native peoples are being communicated as the powerful, attractive country that every other countries want. Since China has a large land, and lots of resources, it would’ve been attractive to the other countries. Foreign countries want to take over China while China is not paying any attention to what’s going on.
    3. What views are being communicated about the Europeans/Japanese in their role as imperialists?
    The Europeans are being communicated as an hungry, sneaky enemies who want to take over China. They want to attack China while China is unconscious and not paying attention.
    4. What is message is being conveyed by the author about the benefits OR costs of imperialism?
    The message conveyed by the author is that while China is distracted by other thnigs and not paying any attention to what’s going on, foreign countries are trying to take over China in a sneaky, quiet way. By doing this, China won’t notice that they are invading.
    1. Is this image pro or anti imperialism? How do you know?
    This image is anti-imperialism, because Koreans are being tortured by the Russians and Japanese. Russians and Japanese are trying to gain something from Korean by torturing them.
    2. What views of the native peoples are being communicated in each of the illustrations?
    Natives, which are Koreans, are being communicated as a weak, powerless people. They don’t have enough power to fight back against Japanese and Russians. Koreans are just getting tortured by them.
    3. What views are being communicated about the Europeans/Japanese in their role as imperialists?
    The Russians and Japanese are being communicated as a powerful two countries who are trying to take over Korea. Japanese and Russians are competing against each other to gain Korea.
    4. What is message is being conveyed by the author about the benefits OR costs of imperialism?’
    The author is conveying that conflict could occur between countries if they are both trying to take over one country. Both Russia and Japan want to conquer Korea, which led to conflict between them.
    1. Is this image pro or anti imperialism? How do you know?
    This image is a pro imperialism, because the enormous American eagle is protecting United States and other countries. This perfectly shows the duty, which the white man has to do.
    2. What views of the native peoples are being communicated in each of the illustrations?
    Native peoples are being communicated as a countries that are being protected by the giant American eagle. They seemed to be safe under the eagle’s protection.
    3. What views are being communicated about the Europeans/Japanese in their role as imperialists?
    The American eagle is being communicated as the powerful country who is doing the white man’s duty, which is to protect and enlighten the weak, poor countries. This picture seems to show that the powerful eagle is doing its duty.
    4. What is message is being conveyed by the author about the benefits OR costs of imperialism?
    The author is conveying the benefits of imperialism. Under imperialism, the poor, weak countries can get its protection and modernize under them. As you can see from the picture, the some countries are inside the eagle’s wing, which indicates that they are under protection.
    Task 3:
    1. Feudalism and mercantilism were two economic systems that preceded capitalism. Review and summarize (in your own words) how they generated wealth. How does capitalism DIFFER from these two systems?
    Feudalism is a system in which the hierarchy gets its protection from the noble or lower class by paying them. The noble or the lower class role is to protect the hierarchy and perform military service. The hierarchy gains its wealth from the profit from the agriculture and lower class. Mercantilism is a system in which it gains its wealth by trading with other countries. It focused more on exports, which allowed them to earn lots of money. There is a big difference between capitalism and these two systems. Capitalism gains its wealth from free market. There will be no conflict while they are gaining profit, because it’s a free market.
    2. According to this lecturer, what forces drive capitalism?
    According to this lecturer, there many forces that drive capitalism. One of the forces are the way capitalist countries work. They work efficiently, productively, and creatively. The way they worked allowed them to gain wealth. Other forces that led to capitalism is imperialism. The resources that gained from foreign countries and the open trade led to capitalism.
    You've done a better job analyzing these political cartoons, although do you really see conflict between Russia and Japan over their competing claims on Korea? Your definition of mercantilism does not differentiate it from capitalism. 17/20
    Class 12(2/7/12)
    Task 1: Discuss table from the Reading on Imperialism with a partner.(Partner:Joonyon Park)
    Task 2: Take a look at the map below (or online text pp 343)
    1. Britain and French controlled the largest sections of Africa in 1914.
    2. I think these countries had the largest area of Africa, because they had more power compared to the other countries. And they could’ve conquered the land first before the other countries did. Also, they had the ability to keep their land safe from other countries.
    Task 3: Watch the video below and continue to add to your notes. Make sure that you include the long term impacts of Colonization as well.
    {Age of Imperialism 2(Sunpyo Hong).pages}
    Task 4:
    For more information read **European Imperialism in Africa (Overview)** on ABC Clio (user id is kis, pw is welcome) and answer the questions below
    1) What was the Berlin Conference?
    2) What were the three outcomes of the conference?
    1. Berlin Conference was a conference held from November 15, 1884 to January 20, 1885. The countries that were most powerful(France, Great Britain, Germany, Portugal,, Belgium, Italy, Spain, and United States) had the meeting in Berlin, Germany to discuss about how they should divide the African continent into colonial holdings.
    2. The three outcomes of the conference were that they should inform other powers if they wanted to claim any lands. And any annexation should be approved by effective occupation. Lastly, doing treaties with African rulers were considered valid title to sovereignty.
    Task 5: Look through the 'Images of Imperialism' handout. For each of the images answer the following questions using evidence from the image to support your ideas.
    1. Is this image pro or anti imperialism? How do you know?
    2. What views of African and Asians are being communicated in each of the illustrations?
    3. What views are being communicated about the British/Americans in their role as imperialists?
    4. What is message is being conveyed by the author about the benefits OR costs of imperialism?
    Picture 1
    1. This image is anti-imperialist, because this old and greedy man is trying to reach the gold fields of Africa.
    2. The Africans are being communicated as a weak people who just provides golds to greedy, rich imperialists.
    3. The British/Americans are being communicated as a greedy, powerful men who are trying to gain gold and wealth from Africa. Which means, they are being emphasized as an evil people.
    4. The author is conveying that the imperialists are trying to take over the golds from the weak Africans. And they only consider the Africans as a useful resource.
    Picture 2
    1. This image is pro-imperialist, the white man is leading the young African children to hope. He doesn’t look greedy nor evil, and he is not using any violence to lead the children.
    2. The young Africans are being communicated as a poor, sad, and hopeless children following the hope.
    3. British/Americans are being communicated as a hope for the African children. He is a savior for the poor Africans.
    4. The author is conveying that the young, immature African children were to be taken care by the white man. Since it’s the white man’s duty to take care of them, it means the Africans have to follow him to escape from poverty.
    Picture 3
    1. This image is anti-imperialist, because poor African is being attacked by the Belgium King. The Belgium king is squeezing the Natives until there are nothing left. Which means that after he gain goods as many as he can, he just abandons them.
    2. Africans are being communicated as a weak people who are always being tortured by the British.
    3. British/Americans are being communicated as a powerful snake who are always torturing and annoying the weak Africans.
    4. The author is trying to convey that the weak Africans have to suffer pain under Britain’s rule. And there are bad aspects of Imperialism.
    Picture 4
    1. This image is pro-imperialist, because the picture is showing the powerful power of Britain and its civilized and well-organized citizens.
    2. The Asians are being communicated as a loyal servant of British people. They fulfill the needs of British people and support them with everything they want.
    3. The British/Americans are being communicated as a powerful ruler of the Asians, doing whatever they want and getting a good service from the Asians.
    4. The message from this picture is that if the weak countries is loyal to the white man, they can be a civilized citizens and live a great life.
    Picture 5
    1. This image is pro-imperialist, because the white man is teaching those young Africans, who seems to be not understanding the teachings of the white man.
    2. The Africans are being communicated as a immature, young, and not educated people. As you can see from their facial expression, they’re not fully understanding the concept of what the teacher is talking about.
    3. The white man is being communicated as a strict teacher who is doing his duty to enlighten the Africans.
    4. The central message of this picture is that Africans could have some problems with understanding the teachings of the Western culture. So the white man should work harder on their duty.
    Picture 6
    1. This image is anti-imperialist, because the black eagle, which represents the King of Germany is trying to attack the villagers, who are Africans.
    2. The Africans are being communicated as a weak villagers who are suffering the invasion from other powerful enemies.
    3. British/Americans are being communicated as a powerful figure, who can over power the resistance of the Africans.
    4. The main idea of this picture is that these harsh British people could just attack and torture the Africans whenever they want.
    Picture 7
    1. This image is anti-imperialist, because numerous Philippines are being tortured and lying down behind the white man.
    2. The Asians are being communicated as a people who are being tortured and controlled by the harsh white man.
    3. The white man looking at the map is being communicated as an evil and harsh man who doesn’t really care about the pains Asians are getting.
    4. The message that is being conveyed in this picture is that just like Africans, Asians were also treated harshly by the white man and they gained lots of pain.Some of them were even hung on the tree, which means they were executed.
    Your analysis of political cartoons is weak, and you need to work on this. Examine the image CAREFULLY and ask yourself why each element is included -- what does it mean? Your explanation of each of these is over-simplified. 25/30
    Class 11(2/7/12) Darwin's Theory
    I do believe that Darwin’s theory affect the culture and society that we are living. One of his theory, natural selection, perfectly fits the condition during that time period. The natural selection states that the ones who were born with better traits and genes will most likely have higher chances of surviving and dominate. Similar to this theory, during this time period, powerful countries were dominating that uncivilized or undeveloped countries all over the world. Since the population were increasing during this period, one who had beneficial offsprings had higher chance of surviving longer and pass that beneficial traits to their posterities. Also, other theory he mentioned was “struggle for existence.” The society during this period perfectly demonstrates theory. The powerful countries kept on attacking weak countries, which were thought obvious by the powerful countries. Powerful countries didn’t notice any negative impacts from weak countries; how they are suffering from them. Since it was normal for weak countries to suffer, it wasn’t possible to know the negative impacts of what they are doing.
    {Age of Imperialism Table(Sunpyo Hong).pages} Which of these are reasons, and which are justifications?
    Hopefully our discussion in class helped you see how Darwin's theories were used to JUSTIFY imperialism, but are incompatible with a modern world view which recognizes national sovereignty. I'm not sure what you mean by "The powerful countries kept on attacking weak countries, which were though obvious (?) by the powerful countries." Might is not right. Is it "natural", good and right for strong countries to dominate, and weak countries to "go extinct"? 8.5/10
    Class 10(2/3/12) Answering questions based on poems
    Thoughtfully complete the following questions: (print out your responses for credit)
    1.What is “The White Man’s Burden” based on Rudyard Kipling’s description in this poem?
    The White Man’s Burden is based on the responsibility that a white has to take control of the world. He is emphasizing that the white man should control the world and try to improve them. Which means, he is saying that Europeans and Americans were suppose to rule the world. He says that Europeans and Americans are invading other countries in order to support them.
    2.Do you agree or disagree with Kipling’s characterization? Why or why not?
    I strongly disagree with Kipling’s characterization. Conquering other countries and saying that they’re trying to help them, does not make any sense. Wealthy countries often times says to the countries that they conquered, that they’ll benefit from this. This is not a right idea and using violence is not an appropriate way.
    3. What does this say about the attitude of Europeans and Americans toward the rest of the world during the mid 1800 - early 1900’s? Use specific examples from the poem.
    It says about the attitude of Europeans and Americans were very confident. They both considered themselves as the most powerful countries in the whole world. As they conquered these weak countries, they tried to improve the weaknesses of them. And emphasizes that they can gain benefit by being part of them.
    4. Is KIS an example of “The White Man’s Burden” in modern Korean society? Why or why not?
    I do think that KIS is an example of “The White Man’s Burden” in modern Korean society. Unlike other Korean students, we are getting a completely different education from this school. The education that KIS is providing is based on America’s education. This indicates that America is having a big influence on Korea.
    Your answer to number 4 is inconsistent with your answer to number 1, or indeed with itself! You say it is NOT an example of the "white man's burden", but then say it "indicates America is having a big influence on Korea"?? 9/10
    Class 9(2/1/12) Answering 3 Questions
    Why would Andrew Carnegie and Friedrich Engels disagree about the effects of industrialization?
    Carnegie is basically talking about the good impacts of industrialization. He talks about the good things industrialization brought to people. He ignores the treatment which workers were getting. Carnegie ignores the bad impact of industrialization. Frederich Engels is opposite to Carnegie. He talks about the bad impact of industrialization. The way workers were treated, and how employers harshly treated their workers.
    What might be reasons for 16-year old Mary Paul’s satisfaction with her job and life in lowell?
    The reasons for 16-year old Mary Paul’s satisfaction with her job would be good working conditions. Her coworkers are extremely kind and she is feeling very comfortable from her working place. The work she is in charge of is suitable for her. It is important to do a job that would perfectly fit you. She is being treated quite well, because she stated that she is having enough to eat.
    Why might the political cartoon by Walter Crane be useful in getting workers to rally to the cause of socialism?
    Political cartoon by Walter Crane might be useful in getting workers to rally to the cause of socialism, because it may spread the word quickly. The pictures that he drew emphasizes the capitalism and socialism very well. We can learn from this cartoon is that capitalism will eventually be buried by the socialism.
    You have not explained WHY Engels and Carnegie would have held such different views. You have not squared Mary Paul's "rosy" outlook with what you know about how bad conditions were in textile mills. How might you account for that? 7.5/10
    Where are your Cornell notes for pp 304-306, 308? 0/10
    Class 8(1/31/12) Answering 4 Questions
    1. Would Marx have agree that these countries were "communist"?
    Marx would not have agreed these countries were communist. According to the what he said about the communist, it was quite different from the present communist countries. Marx stated that communist nations should be divided the products equally to everyone. Based on Marx’s communism, there would be no rich or poor, because everyone would be equal. But in reality, Marx’s communism didn’t really work by looking at countries like North Korea.
    2. What has happened to the "communist" world (once called the "Second World", to distinguish it from the "First World" -- wealthy capitalist countries, and the "Third World" -- poor countries)?
    All the countries that attempted to be a communist nation failed. Many countries attempted this, but there were no successful countries. They all eventually changed it to democracy. Looking at countries like North Korea, most people are extremely poor and dying of poverty. However, the high classes of North Korea are extremely wealthy compared to the citizens of North Korea.
    3.Why do you think this has happened?
    I think this has happened due to unfairness among people. If we put communism as a governing system, all the people are getting same amount of money. Which means, even if they don’t work, they still get same amount of money. Citizens would definitely be dissatisfied about the fact that they worked more, but they still get the same money. All these process will eventually lead workers to not work.
    4.What do you think of the idea that the growing gap between the rich and poor in the industrialized world never materialized (see p. 270) because of the Union movement (the formation of trades unions who unite to demand better working conditions for workers) and reform laws (to improve conditions for workers, eg. safety requirements, limits on the length of the working day, minimum wages)? Post the answer to these 4 questions on your gallery page.
    I don’t agree with the idea that the growing gap between the rich and poor in the industrialized world never materialized. Today, most of the countries have a social class, which is rich class, middle class, and poor class. So this statement is incorrect that the gaps didn’t materialized. But the union movement of trades and reforming laws actually did improved the working conditions for workers. However, it didn’t really affect the gaps between rich and poor.
    Class 7(1/25/12)
    P.65-72 Writing one paragraph
    There are many things that I've observed from this. I saw children getting abused by employers and working really hard. All the pictures shown in this seven pages show how children worked during this period. This is the period during industrial revolution, which children were getting paid by the employers to work. The body structure that children had, which is small hand, small body captured employer's mind. They thought that children could be more effective than adults. Since they are 'children,' employers thought that they could get paid less than adults and work more. Due to this, many children suffered diseases and often struggled growing, since it is an age when they should be studying and sleeping most of the time. Some people started to notice that harshness of child labor, so they put numerous efforts to stop them. But it didn't really step until the 1930s, when U.S Congress pass law, which prohibited the employment of children.
    Class 6 (1/19/12)
    Answering Questions
    Question: The Industrial Revolution, and the urbanization that accompanied it, have been described as a mixed blessing. To what extent to you agree with this statement?
    I think the Industrial Revolution was more advantageous than disadvantageous because the accomplishments of the progress was a positive turning point for all people. The revolution was a period during the mid-1700s which changed the life of people. People started to use new machines, which really reduced the amount of work that they had to do. It improved the condition of their life. New machines increased the amount of population. And the price decreased a lot. These things really supported people's life. Although it was more advantageous, there were also disadvantageous things. For example, children's labor price was cheap. And many workers lost their jobs due to new, effective machines. It caused many poverty occurring in the city. But I think that there were more advantageous things.
    Class 5 (1/18/12)
    Mind Map
    {The_Impact_of_Computer 복사본.pdf}
    Class 45 (12/9/2011)
    4. Why did Napoleon's empire collapse?
    Napoleon's empire collapsed, because he wanted too much power. His mind of desiring too much power led to destruction. He started to make a huge mistakes that affected his empire. First, he wanted to get rid of Britain. So he stopped his trading with Britain and all the lands he owned. But his action failed, which made France economy even weaker. He made a second mistake by making his brother the king of Spain. However, the Spanish people didn't like the new king and they wanted the old king back. So they fought back against Napoleon, which made Napoleon to lose numerous soldiers. The third mistake Napoleon made was invading Russia. His troops were almost massacred, due to lack of food and supplies. All these mistakes eventually made the France economy and military power weak, and other countries such as Britain and European countries started to invade Napoleon.
    5. What were the goals of the Congress of Vienna?
    As Napoleon's powerful country, France was defeated, European countries wanted to make a peace between them. So in 1814, leaders of each nations gathered and discussed about making a peace. They wanted this peace to last many years. Klemens von Metternich, minister of Austria suggested goals for this peace plan. His first goal was not allowing France to attack any other countries again. Second, he wanted equal power from each nation. Which means, not a single country could have more power than the other. Lastly, he wanted the kings to take charge of the countries again. The leaders of each nation agreed on Metternich's suggestion. And finally the time of peace came to Europe.
    Class 40 11/28/11
    Quote: "Revolution is the festival of oppressed." by Germaine Greer.
    Reason: I chose this image for my quotation, because the way graduating students felt will be same as the ones who were free from Britain and accomplished revolution.
    Class 36 11/16/11
    Enlightenment Despot Poster
    Class 35: 11/10/11
    1) What is absolutism?
    Absolutism is a theory which states that monarchy could have an absolute power, which means they can possess unlimited power. The monarchy were not required to subject to any laws. This theory had started in 15th century and ended in 18th century. Another word for absolute monarch is "dictator," which is being used these days.
    2) Explain the justification for absolutism referred to as the 'divine right of kings'.
    The justification for absolutism was justified from many sources such as Bible and practices of ancient civilizations. Especially, two people justified absolutism during 17th century. Bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet stated that absolutism could be justified through divine right of kings. Also, Political theorist Thomas Hobbes justified absolutism through a book called Leviathan. Divine right of kings refers to authority given from God. Since the monarchs had this right, no one could refuse the monarch's order. If they refuse, it is same thing as refusing God's will. As a result, the divine right of kings made numerous people to follow the monarch, and give absolute power to the monarchs.
    3) List the causes of the rise of Absolutism in Europe.
    There are many factors that caused the rise of absolutism in Europe. After the 14th century, people needed powerful and strong monarch who could save them from chaos. First, the protestant reformation was one of the factors that caused absolutism. As the papal's power was weakened, people needed a powerful leader who can guide them. Also, mercantile policies caused the rise of absolutism. As a replacement of papal, monarchs needed power to have a control and order people. So they decided to have a system called bureaucracy. Also, the mercantile policies, contributed to the increase in production and surpluses. To maintain and control this, monarchs used everything from the society.
    4) Explain briefly how absolutism developed in
    Spain- As the protestant reformation started, it threatened Charles V to divide his Catholic kingdom. His son Philip II, used the divine right theory to keep his power. He conquered various countries, and expanded his land. He often won wars and was very successful. Later on, his successors weren't really successful.
    France- Absolutism rose in France during mid-1th century. It rose in response to rebellious aristocracy, which led to a conflict in the country.
    England- Unlike other countries, England originally used the idea of absolutism to rule the country. But it was quite unsuccessful in England, because James I used the divine right of king in a wrong way and it caused many problems. Later on, his son had a struggle, and eventually lost the power by the parliament.
    Russia- In Russia, absolutism was successful. Absolutism started from 15th century from Russia. Unlike other countries, Russia was successful with the idea of absolutism. Russia expanded its land and improved the industries and had a stronger army. And the nation started to grow more.
    Speed-Dating Video (11/13/2011)
    Port 4(10/28/11)
    Task 1: Source Analysis
    Author: The author of this source is Tokugawa Ieyasu who was a shogunate. He was one of the three unifiers who united the Japan. He reforms Japan and he wants to dictate international connections.
    Place and Time: This source was produced directly from Japan during the 16th and 17th century. This indicates that this source is really reliable, because the author actually wrote what he experienced.
    Prior Knowledge: I know that the Japan restricted itself from internationally trading or contact. They stayed in their country and restricted other countries from visiting them.
    Audience: This sources was created for history learners or students interested in Japan history. This shows that the information is reliable, because it is written for the learners of Japanese history.
    Reason: This source was produced at the time it was produced, because at this period, Ieyasu and Hideyoshi were ruling. By producing at this period, it makes the information more accurate and persuasive. Ieyasu wanted to show how he ruled, which he basically controlled the trade with other countries.
    The Main Idea: The source is trying to convey what the Japanese did during the 1600s. It is trying to show their attitude towards other countries and their reaction if someone interacts with other countries. And it tells us what happens if they were isolated from the world.
    Significance: This source is significant, because it actually tells us the reason why Japan closed their country. At this period, Japan was highly developed and had a better society compared to the some other country. But they suddenly changed their mind and not contact other country. This source shows their attitude towards foreigners and why they did it.
    Task 2: Japan Video Questions
    Who was "the Bald Rat"?
    The bald rat was Toyotomi Hideyoshi, who wanted to dominate the world and had a wide thought about everything.
    Where did Japan hope to build its empire?
    Japan hope to build its empire from China. But there were no perfect route to reach China, so they decided to invade Korea, because it is close to China. By invading Korea, and dominating them, it would be easy for them to attack China.
    What stopped it from building its empire as planned?
    Japan stopped it from building its empire as planned, because Toyotomi Hideyoshi was no longer thinking widely like before. As Japan was defeated by Korea, the Japanese were in panic. Now his only concern was his son Hideyori, who was really young. Hideyoshi was really worried that the followers might not follow Hideyori, because he’s not a son from Hideyoshi’s legal wife. As Hideyoshi died, the generals tend not to follow Hideyori and decided to make him commit suicide. Then, Japan closed its door and cared only about their own country.
    Why didn't they try again?
    Japan didn’t try again, because there were much more things to take care of in their own country. As Hideyoshi died, the generals tend to split up and tried to gain more power. At this point, Japan didn’t care about the outside world and they were absolutely isolated from the rest of the world. They had to take care of business in their own coutnry.
    Task 3: Emperor Qianlong Questions
    Author: Qianlong, the emperor of China created this source. He closed down China and restricted trade with foreign countries. His ruling was basically concentrated on China. He couldn’t think widely,which led to poor results.
    Place and Time: This source was produce in China in 1791. The date of this source might affect the meaning by telling us the destruction of China. At this point, China started to not develop like Europe, and they were just locked in their own country.
    Prior Knowledge: I know that while Qianlong was ruling China, China was isolated from rest of the world. He didn’t interact with other countries, and he thought of things in a narrow way. For 300 years, China didn’t develop and their technology was definitely worse than Europe.
    Audience: I think the audience of this source is King George III. Qianlong wrote it towards King George III.
    Reason: The reason Qianlong created this source is to tell King George II that he did not like the way King George treated him. I think it was written as a warning against King George III.
    The Main Idea: The main Idea of this source is to show that Qianlong have not developed compared to the Europeans. As Europeans wanted to trade with the Chinese, Qianlong threatened them to leave and not come back. It emphasizes that Qianlong has a a wrong idea
    Significance: The importance of this source is that Qianlong Emperor really thought that China was more advanced than Europe in terms of developments. The source really shows what Qianlong Emperor thought.
    SEE, THINK, WONDER(9/20/11)
    I see... a naked man...who is trying to reach an old man and the followers.
    I think... that this is a painting...that has to do with Greek and it is drawn by a famous painter.
    I wonder... why there are so many people behind the old man.
    China's Golden Age(9/6/11)
    Comparing Santa Maria and Zheng He's ship
    This picture shows how powerful China was at that period. As you can see in the picture, Zheng He's ship is about 4 times bigger than Santa Maria (Columbus' vessel). Due to the massive size of the ship, China would've traveled more than Europeans. By having a larger ship, it will allow them to carry more men, and more supplies with them. And it would've been more protective ship compare to Santa Maria.
    Identify where "the Holy Roman Emperor, the Emperor of Byzantium (also called Constantinople), the Doge (ruler) of Venice, and the kings of England, France, Castille and Portugal" would have come from had they been invited to Beijing on 2 February 1421.
    The Doge of Venice would've come from the Venice Republic, the Emperor of Byzantium would'e come from the Ottoman Empire, and the Holy Roman Emperor would've come from the Roman Empire. The kings of England would've come from the kingdom of England, the kings of France would've come from the Kingdom of France, the kings of Castille would've come from the Kingdom of Castille, and the kings of Portugal would've come from the Kingdom of Portugal.
    Through what modern countries did the silk roads go?
    Silk road allowed many people to trade with each other and it left many benefits. Silk road was in the middle east and some part of China. So the silk road would've went through many countries. It went through China, Iraq, Iran, India, and more.
    Map of European urban population in 1400 and 1600
    The sentence shows that China was extremely powerful at that period of time that it was fifteen hundred times the area of walled London and housing fifty times the population. But this map also shows that Europe started to increase its population in 200 years. in 1400s, there weren't a lot of population . But when it's 1600s, you can see that the population start to expand round the world. The red dot,which indicates the population is all over the place. So Europe started to improve as the time goes.
    Comparing modern China and great walled captal Zhu Di built
    There are some similarities that both modern and old China have. As you can see from the picture, there is a lake next to forbidden city and the palace Museum. And you can see the temple of heaven in both maps. But you can't find the temple of agriculture in the modern map.This indicates that there was a change in China which made some of the buildings to disappear or destroyed.
    Estimating where I would end up if the wall really extended 6,400 kms due west of Beijing
    If the wall really extended 6,400 kms due west of Beijing, I would end up in Kazakhstan.
    Beijing's great observatory
    Zhu Di wanted Beijing to be "0" degree, the prime meridian from which all latitude coordinates would be measured. It shows that it was very honorable to be the reference point from which the entire world would be explored and charted. But these days, it is not honorable to be "0" degree.
    Map of Grand Canal
    This shows that Zheng He was a great ruler who accomplished major things in China. As you can see from the map, Grand Canal and the Forbidden city were huge accomplishments for a singer ruer to achieve. It shows that he was a great ruler and he really contributed to the growth of China.
    The Spread of Islam(8/30/11)
    According to what I saw from the three maps, until 750 A.D, ummayad owned many territories. But starting in 750 A.D, Abbasid Empire replaced Ummayad's territory.
    Family History Project (Due Date: 8/24/11)
    Recount of the Event: On August,2009, my mom told me that she had a breast cancer. All of our family was surprised and she received a surgery from Seoul National University. After the surgery, she had to take anticancer drugs, which causes hair loss and it often makes you throw up for no reason. As shown in the picture below, her hair is extremely short. Our family started to change after my mother's surgery. For example, my sister started to study hard after playing and not studying for 5 years.
    Unwritten Source (Primary):
    Description: This is a picture of my mother when she had to shave her hair due to anticancer drugs. Currently, she got better, so she have a longer hair.
    Significance: The significance of this source is that it actually proves that she had a cancer. Since her hair is really short, it definitely proves she shaved her hair. Shaving hair is not normal for women to do, so this source is reliable.
    Written Source (Primary):
    Description: This is the record of the hospital. On the bottom of the page, it says that this paper is not a fake and it shows the stamp of the hospital. Which indicates that this source is reliable
    Significance: The significance of this source is that it proves that my mother was on the hospital. If you take a look at the top left corner of the table, there's a number. It's the patient number, and the word below that is patient name.
    Me: By having a cancer, how did it influence your family?
    Mother: Before I got a cancer, I used to concentrate only on work.
    Mother: After I got cancer, I realized that most important thing in my life was a family
    Mother: So I started to consider time spending with family is extremely valuable
    Mother: Then I began to travel often with my children, watch movies with them, and watch musical with them.
    Mother: My children also realized the importance of their mother and started to take good care of me
    Mother: My daughter had the biggest change after I had a cancer
    Mother: She used to play all the time during middle school and high school.
    Mother: But when she noticed that I had a cancer, she started to study hard when she was a senior, and she eventually went to Boston University.
    on Joonyon 's page.
    Do not use people's full names on the wiki -- it is not private!
    Please use the blue bar button on the edit toolbar to draw a line between assignments. Date each assignment.
    The Many Hats of a Historian
    heretical- not following the religious belief
    faggot- a bundle of sticks that innocent people should carry
    Eucharist- the christian ceremony that celebrates the last supper
    abstain- restrain from doing something enjoyable
    penance- self-punishment for doing something wrong
    beseeching- to ask someone urgently
    source- Things like book, or newspaper that provides information
    1. In section 1, Heretical Beliefs, the historian gives his account of a historical event. What is happening to Hogsflesh? What is the historian's “story” or main point of the article?
    In section 1, Hogflesh was convicted for heretical beliefs. He had to carry a faggot with him and declare that he has been convicted in front of people. Also, he was forced to do the penance in front of the people. If he choose not to do this, he would’ve been placed upon stack of faggots and burnt to death. The historian’s main point of the article is that the society didn’t want anyone to deny the religion and they punished them if they didn’t follow.
    Not the main idea of the article.
    2. What are the roles of a historian defined by John Arnold? Do you agree or disagree with his assumptions? Can you think of any other roles?
    There were many roles of a historian defined by John Arnold. He defined roles of historians as chronicles, interpreter, and reporter. I agree with all his assumptions. Especially, I strongly agree about saying that chronicles is one of historians role. It is true that most historians arrange their reports into chronological order. I think historians could also be a teacher and an explorer. Since historians provides people an information and teach them about history, I think we can call historians a teacher. Also, they have to explore places in order to provide us with the information that they discovered.
    Good answer, though you've missed some of the 9 roles Arnold identifies.
    3. What is meant by “treat(ing) their sources with fidelity?” Remember to put your response in your own words. Why is it important to remember this when reading historical references?
    Treat their sources with fidelity means to historians to treat sources with honesty and accuracy. Historians shouldn’t misinterpret things they discovered. They should always interpret things accurately, so that it won’t confuse other people. Also, they shouldn’t write things in fake. They should always be honest with the sources. It is important to remember this when reading historical references, because when we read historical references with this mind, it’ll help us understand things more.
    Not sure what "shouldn't write things in fake" means. Your answer is unclear, so I still don't know if you understand.
    4. How can a single event be interpreted in more than one way? Can you think of an event in your life that historians could interpret with differing points of view?
    Single event can be interpreted in more than one way, because every human have different thoughts about certain things. Which means, everyone have their own perspective and point of view of looking things. For example, when I have a conversation with my sister, we don’t usually talk in nice way. Even when we offer each other something, we don’t talk nicely. Historians might think that we hate each other, but we are actually trying to be nice to each other.
    Good answer.
    5. Talk to a family member or friend about something that happened to you both a long time ago. Examine how you both remember the incident and write about it. With that in mind, when attaching meaning to history, is it possible for a historian to be completely objective? Use examples from the incident you just discussed to reinforce your response.
    When I was in elementary, I was playing with my cousin and my sister. We were playing at my grandmother’s house, but suddenly I realized that both of them were gone. The house was so quiet that I didn’t realize that they were around me. Unexpectedly, a fan fall on my head and I was bleeding so much that I had to go to the hospital. According to what I remember, my cousin and sister never warned me about fan falling on top of my head. But my sister remembers that she warned me before the fan fell. So, I don’t think historians can be completely objective. Historians obviously should have their opinion about certain things. Just like what happened to my sister and me, they would have their own memory or thoughts.
    Good answer.
    6. What problems may arise when historians practice subjective history? In what ways may subjective history be beneficial to the study of history? Think back to the incident you just discussed with your family member or friend. Why did it make sense for you to remember the event the way you did and for the other person to remember it the way he or she did? What does this tell us about history?
    When historians practice subject history, there is a possibility that we will see some things that are wrong. Historians will tend to write things in their own opinion, which they aren’t supposed to. If they write things focusing on one perspective, we won’t be able think widely. But it could also be beneficial to the study of history, because historians will be able to write down their own opinion about something, which could be more informative. It make sense for me to remember the event the way I did and my sister to remember it the way she did, because we remember things in a way that benefits us. This tells us that history could be subjective.
    Good answer.
    7. Why is every historian "a storyteller?" If all historians are storytellers and there are myriad versions of every story, can we trust historians? Why or why not?
    Every historians are a storyteller, because they inform people about what they discovered. It is obvious that there could be myriad versions of every story. But that doesn’t mean the historians are writing wrong things. It’s just that they are informing us with their own perspective. So I think that we can trust historians.
    8. How did your view of history and historians change based on this reading? How will you approach history now that you have explored these views?
    Before I read this reading, I didn’t really consider about all the roles of historians. Now I discovered that there are various type of roles that historians have. After I read this reading, I realized that history could be quite interesting. I will approach history with neutralized mind so that I can think widely.

    (view changes)
    7:39 pm

Thursday, May 31

  1. page Sarah's World edited ... 2012January - Taliban agree to open office in Dubai as a move towards peace talks with the Uni…
    2012January - Taliban agree to open office in Dubai as a move towards peace talks with the United States and the Afghan government.
    Afghan conflict replaced Iraq as the main policy headache for the US and their allies, Barack Obama set Afghanistan and Pakistan as a combat that is 'increasingly perilous situation'. Meanwhile, tentative steps towards a negotiated peace agreement were made in 2012, when the Taliban announced they had agreed to open an office in Dubai for talks with US officials.
    You were asked to focus on 1978 to present. Choices need to be the most important events in Afghanistan's modern history. 7.5/10
    Korean and Vietnam Van diagram
    6) Why was the outcome of the battle of Britain significant for Allies?
    It was significant because it gave hope to Allies and other country who were already defeated, and able man from other country started to gather in Britain to support there military. Helping Britain’s army to grew very quickly.
    Please fix numbering issue. Podcast notes? 8/10
    Hitler’s Rearmament of the Rhineland
    -Hitler had 3 aims
    All four of the Speech is inspiring because all the speaker have a strong voice. They are different but have different power of there own. Hitler’s is powerful and scary voice that make the listener focus on him while King George’s voice is very soothing and gentle as if he was talking to the listener individually. Hitler’s speech is inspiring because he speak and promise what German people want to hear and King George talks gently persuading the listener.
    Adolf Hitler’s Early Life
    As a child he had failed in studying and art. He was rejected by schools and force to do odd jobs.
    Hitler’s own SS army was used for this
    Right After Hindenburg death Hitler declared himself sole leader of Germany.
    My Fascism Score
    (view changes)
    9:42 pm
  2. page Sarah's World edited ... 6) Why was the outcome of the battle of Britain significant for Allies? It was significant be…
    6) Why was the outcome of the battle of Britain significant for Allies?
    It was significant because it gave hope to Allies and other country who were already defeated, and able man from other country started to gather in Britain to support there military. Helping Britain’s army to grew very quickly.
    Please fix numbering issue. Podcast notes? 8/10
    (view changes)
    8:40 pm
  3. page Sarah's World edited ... Speech! All four of the Speech is inspiring because all the speaker have a strong voice. They…
    All four of the Speech is inspiring because all the speaker have a strong voice. They are different but have different power of there own. Hitler’s is powerful and scary voice that make the listener focus on him while King George’s voice is very soothing and gentle as if he was talking to the listener individually. Hitler’s speech is inspiring because he speak and promise what German people want to hear and King George talks gently persuading the listener.
    Adolf Hitler’s Early Life
    As a child he had failed in studying and art. He was rejected by schools and force to do odd jobs.
    Hitler’s own SS army was used for this
    Right After Hindenburg death Hitler declared himself sole leader of Germany.
    My Fascism Score
    (view changes)
    8:36 pm
  4. page Sarah's World edited ... Homework {Hit.pages} 10/10 Hitler’s Rearmament of the Rhineland -Hitler had 3 aims
    Hitler’s Rearmament of the Rhineland
    -Hitler had 3 aims
    (view changes)
    8:31 pm
  5. page Sarah's World edited ... 2012January - Taliban agree to open office in Dubai as a move towards peace talks with the Uni…
    2012January - Taliban agree to open office in Dubai as a move towards peace talks with the United States and the Afghan government.
    Afghan conflict replaced Iraq as the main policy headache for the US and their allies, Barack Obama set Afghanistan and Pakistan as a combat that is 'increasingly perilous situation'. Meanwhile, tentative steps towards a negotiated peace agreement were made in 2012, when the Taliban announced they had agreed to open an office in Dubai for talks with US officials.
    You were asked to focus on 1978 to present. Choices need to be the most important events in Afghanistan's modern history. 7.5/10
    Korean and Vietnam Van diagram
    (view changes)
    8:27 pm
  6. page Linda's World edited ... What factors may have contributed to the increased number of deaths in World War II over World…
    What factors may have contributed to the increased number of deaths in World War II over World War I?Newly introduced weapons, such as atomic bombs and aircrafts, is one of the factors. During World War I, weapons were less advanced and aircrafts were made out of canvases instead of metallic material. Also, the fact that World War II involved more direct attacks on civilians (e.g. German soldiers shooting on British civilians) may have also been one of the contributing factors, because during World War I, fights were mostly done in trenches from soldier to soldier. However, they did not directly involve civilians as their target to attack. Not only did civilians suffer from bombings and direct attacks from soldiers, but also those who did not die as a result of attack suffered from loss of their homes, resulting with a life that was unsanitary and deadly, due to lack of life necessities. Therefore, the two may have been the contributing factors to the increased number of deaths in World War II over World War I.
    {civilian_cost.jpg} image/civilian_cost.jpg
    Under what conditions did the Polish refugees flee from the Germans?
    The Polish refugees fled from the Germans under conditions, such as being the direct victims of their attack, and attacks by the German soldiers resulted with loss of their homes, jobs, money, food, and even lands like farm. All life necessities were gone after experiencing bombings that essentially destroyed most of households' lives and lifetime goals. Not only were life necessities gone, but also families were easily separated as a result of chaos. When necessities and those who they loved were mostly gone, there were terrifying questions that lingered in most of the Polish refugees' minds: what is the purpose of life, when everything that we owned are gone now? How will we survive without them? Do I have any ultimate goal for the future? Therefore, Polish refugees fled from the Germans without basics of life, and not knowing what is ahead of them in the future.
    Guided Reading The Allied Victory (Worksheet)
    May 7, 2012
    {9F-Linda_Park-Victory_in_Europe_GR.png} image/9F-Linda_Park-Victory_in_Europe_GR.png
    War on the Home Front Exploration
    May 6, 2012
    Task 5:
    Analyzing Political Cartoons
    {chart#2LindaP.png} {chart#3LP.png} {chart#4LindaP.png}
    {chart#5LP.png} {chart#6LP.png} {chart#7LP.png}
    image/chart {chart#3LP.png} image/chart

    This suggests you need a little more practice analyzing cartoons. 26/30
    Imperialism in the Modern Age Chart Notes
    3. Townsend, Camilla. "Cortés, Hernán." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 17 Oct. 2011.
    Chart of Exploration Race
    {Screen_shot_2011-10-27_at_9.18.20_PM.png} image/image/image/Screen_shot_2011-10-27_at_9.18.20_PM.png
    Cited Works:
    "Cabot." Who Goes There: European Exploration of the New World. Bartlett Elementary School, n.d. Web. 24 Oct. 2011. <>.
    {Map1Lin.gif} image/image/image/Map1Lin.gif
    While Europe was in their "Dark Ages," Muslims were way advanced than Europe. Just as developed as the Muslims were, Chinese were way ahead of Europe as well. However, I think the hidden meaning behind this diagram is that if Europe was advanced much earlier than the Muslims and Chinese were and were able to set out explorations, then there could have been a chance that this map of countries with more than 1 million Muslims could have been called "Countries with more than 1 million Christians," because the spread of Christianity may gradually spread all over the world, just like the Muslims who started the spread of religion around 661-75 A.D. with Ummayyad Empire and gradually increased the population of Muslims, as shown on the present-day map (I can assume that the map is present-day because of the map of China.) Based on this hypothetical assumption, Zheng He could have been a Christian where his *family believed in Christianity instead of Islam.
    *Citation: Tsai, Shih-shan Henry. "Zheng He." World Book Advanced. World Book, 2011. Web. 22 Sept. 2011.
    Zhu Di's plan of rebuilding the walls was a huge ambition to him, and proves that he not only owned leadership, but also had the strong motivation to undergo "stupendous" tasks.
    {LindaP9.jpg} image/image/image/LindaP9.jpg
    Zhu Di's interest of astronomy could've lead him to a whole new discovery (however it fails) that was very similar to the knowledge of Greenwich in 1851.
    (view changes)
    10:23 am

Wednesday, May 30

  1. page Home edited ... Primary Source 10 pts Short answer 10 pts Here's the list of WW II events you had to order …
    Primary Source 10 pts
    Short answer 10 pts
    Here's the list of WW II events you had to order in class -- sorry, this isn't the answer key, just the events. {WW II events.pages}
    {WH Semester 1 Exam Study Guide 2011.pages} Use this as a memory-jogger. Also useful is to go through the wiki unit pages to refresh you memory about what we studied.
    Late pass (1 per semester -- may not be carried over) entitles you to turn in work up to 24 hours late without penalty.
    (view changes)
    9:06 pm